Day 2

Posted on : by : Coman Tudor

Day 2 was a full day of debates and discussions about the future resolutions.

ECOFIN committee

In an introductory manner, the delegate of China reiterates an idea which defined the first day of Laude MUN, that of a common effort from all countries present is mandatory in the interest of finding a solution for Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing. 

The delegate of The Russian Federation encourages the involvement of the Interpol in this ,,war against money laundering”. The UK calls for the first moderated caucus of the day.

The first moderated caucus was invoked to solve Further solutions for Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing. The following events happened:

  • the delegate of the USA thoroughly introduces the concept of the F.A.T.F. (Financial Action Task Force) which specialises in combating money laundering
  • the delegate of the Russian Federation is of the opinion that every country should focus on its own matters as to not join the F.A.T.F

  • the delegate of the UK agrees up to a certain point, leaning more towards USA’s approach.

  • the Russian Federation representative has an unfounded retaliating speech about USA’s supposed support of Al Qaeda, then changing the topic to the dangers of bitcoin

  • the delegate of Romania displays a show of personal opinion, and states that wouldn’t be willing to share bank accounts information

  • Bulgaria thinks that most anti money laundering programs are under-developed

  • the delegate of the USA holds DPRK responsible for bombings and terrorist support

  • as expected, the Russian Federation makes harsh claims towards the USA,  that the whole state was founded by the alleged back-and-forth with the Al Qaeda

  • USA invokes the second moderated caucus of the day

During the second moderated caucus, delegates investigated countries that are linked with terrorism, and the following took place:

  • the USA showcases its intelligence from 2009 regarding fundings towards Al Qaeda from Saudi Arabia
  • the Russian Federation still supports its USA=Al Qaeda argument
  • the UK renders all the arguments obsolete, since they’re only unfounded rumours
  • the USA expresses its sorrow for the missing of the delegate of Iran from the committee
  • Romania: ,,agreement with France”; ,,won’t join F.A.T.F”
  • the delegate of the USA calls for the first unmoderated caucus of the day

In the first unmoderated caucus of the day, and in fact of the committee, all delegates tried coming up with a resolution based on their country policies going from working papers-working resolution-draft resolution-final resolution, this being the order of the stages in which a resolution must be conceived. The second unmoderated caucus was for amendments, but no progress was being made. A third moderated caucus was designated for amendment ideas. In this timeframe, the USA suggested that all states should focus on both immediate and long-term problem solving. Also, they have been supporting the idea of every state having a say in conceiving the resolution. These discussions have been extended in a fourth moderated caucus, in which:

  • the UK asks for more emphasis on tracking down illegal transactions
  • the DPRK encourages all nations to submit amendments
  • the USA showcases its revised working paper

The third moderated caucus was for and against discussion about the submitted amendments and clauses. The day ended with a briefing. The divide between the committee was already existent because of the country policies but became even more apparent with the frequent contrary arguments between the USA and the Russian Federation, thus 2 separate resolutions came into existence. Due to absent delegates the voting process came to an unpleasant tie.

SOCHUM committee

As expected, due to the intense implication of the delegates, they’ve finally succeeded in coming up with strong, ingenious and more than suitable resolutions for eliminating child marriage and its consequences in Pakistan referring to:

  • Conducting censuses lead by authorities in order to recognize and register children which do not appear in the documents of the country and to provide them with the right of having own identity. This idea could also interact with encouraging parents to abolish marrying their unborn children (the mother should take the first action as she has been in her daughter’s skin and she understands the trauma).
  • Offering the chance to education (or even giving credits for women to apply for jobs) which is considered to be helpful as children will manage to learn about human rights and the devastating drawbacks of child marriage. The delegates claimed that their rights have been underrated and they want the voices of women to sound louder so that the belief of boys seen as a blessing will be eradicated. However, there should be no direct blame on the men who set these strict rules because they’re supposed to follow them regardless personal opinion.
  • Calling upon collaborating with massmedia to ensure that the promoting will be accessible to everyone. Setting posters, starting campaigns such as programmes established by volunteering teenagers (it does exist a successful one in Bangladesh that works with the parents to convince them to refuse their children marriage, otherwise becoming the witnesses of a sabotaged wedding) or even bringing journalists in affected areas to take interviews of the victims are only the beginning of the change. They want to bring it further by making documentaries with real stories about rape or verbal abuse in which children have gone through and present them on CNN, BBC (the realistic perspective is meant to make people emphasise with the victims in order to care as much as the changemakers about the issue).
  • Solving the problem by introducing legal framework which is either consisting of paying fines/penalties for using violence or of imprisonment followed by an educational course which should be attended by prisoners, giving them a chance to rehabilitate their mentality.

The majority of the countries came to an agreement to sign these resolutions while Saudi Arabia was against collaborating with mass media, considering it not a valuable and well informed source and the Russian Federation pronounced its strong believe that the punishment of paying fines isn’t harsh enough for the terrible consequences.

The delegate’s work was quite progressive this day and the subject approach is being done in a very good manner.

The UN Extraordinary Session

The second day in the UN Extraordinary Session started with the personalities holding speeches that presented briefly the events from the previous day. Many accusations were thrown around and a few leaders were offended. The most important update of the day was that a rebel group took over the government of Iran. A few countries were quick to recognise this as the legitimate government such as the USA and Syria. Shortly after this, two other rebel groups fused with the one that was in control and formed the New Iranian Movement. Because of this, a war broke. The USA took control of Teheran. The day came to an end with the conflict moved to the Syrian front.

The SC committee

The SC committee is being in quite a complicated crisis situation. They broke the ice with the first update of the conference, informing delegates that 99% of South Ossetians and Abkhazians voted for the independence of the two regions. Two separate peace treaties have been made, one with the Eastern Block and one with the Western Block. The day was very eventful, since a negotiation summit took place.

The DISEC committee

Today’s DISEC debate continued the topic of illegal weaponry trafficking in the Central African Republic.

The delegates expressed their points of view and the chairs called a few Motions for Unmoderated Caucus where the delegates discussed and negotiated amendments and draft resolutions. All the countries were then asked to vote and the Resolution led by the USA is the one that passed. Unfortunately, the one conducted by China did not make it through. The delegates were further asked to propose amendments for the final resolution and among those that have passed is one that suggests putting chips in weapons such as guns so the weaponry trafficking would lower. Furthermore, the DISEC committee was pleased to welcome the ambassador of Israel that assisted to one of their voting sessions. At the end of the conference , the tense atmosphere was replaced by a more pleasant one with a little help from the delegate of Poland that had proudly executed the punishment the chairs gave him.

Editing team:

Andrei-Lorin Vacariu – Editor, ECOFIN committee

Maria-Cecilia Minea – Editor, SOCHUM committee

Alexandra Stoina – Editor, UN Extraordinary Session

Ana Petrescu – Editor, DISEC committee

Tudor Coman – Deputy Chief of Press, Editor-in-Chief

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